Black History: Clara Leach Adams-Ender
Clara Leach Adams-Ender was the 1st black woman and nurse to receive a master’s degree from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. She was also the 1st woman to be awarded the Expert Field Medical Badge, the 1st black Army Nurse Corps officer to graduate from the Army War College, the 1st black nurse appointed chief of nursing …
Black History: Rebecca Lee Crumpler
Rebecca Lee Crumpler challenged the prejudice that prevented African Americans from pursuing careers in medicine to became the first African American woman in the United States to earn an M.D. degree, a distinction formerly credited to Rebecca Cole. Although little has survived to tell the story of Crumpler’s life, she has secured her place in the historical record with her …
Black History: Vivian McFadden
Today’s black history fact: In 1974, Vivian McFadden became the first black female to serve as a chaplain in the U.S. Navy.
Black History: Hugh Mulzac
Hugh Nathaniel Mulzac was an African-Caribbean member of the United States Merchant Marine. He earned a Master rating in 1918 which should have qualified him to command a ship, but this did not happen until September 29, 1942 because of racial discrimination.
Black History: Nathan Francis Mossell
Nathan Francis Mossell (1856-1946) was the first African American to graduate from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He established the Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital and Training School, which was the first African American hospital in Philadelphia. In addition to being the first African American member of the Philadelphia County Medical Society, Mossell was the co-founder of the Philadelphia …
Black History: Bill Pickett
Black history fact for 2/9: William Pickett, aka: Bill, Will, Willie (1870-1932) – Of black and Cherokee Indian descent, Bill Pickett was one of the first great rodeo cowboys and is credited with inventing the sport of bulldogging.
Black History: Augusta Savage
Black history fact for 2/7: Augusta Savage was an American sculptor associated with the Harlem Renaissance. She was also a teacher whose studio was important to the careers of a generation of artists who would become nationally known. She worked for equal rights for African Americans in the arts.
Black History: Norma Merrick Sklarek
Black history fact for 2/6: Norma Merrick Sklarek was the first African American woman to officially pass her exam and become an architect in both New York (1954) & California (1962). In 1980, she also became the first African American woman to fellow with the American Institute of Architects.
Black History: Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield
Black history fact for 2/5:
Black History: Edward Orval Gourdin
Black history fact for 2/4: Edward Orval Gourdin (1897-1966) was the first person of any race to long-jump more than 25 feet, surpassing that distance by 3 inches in a college international meet at Cambridge, Massachusetts, July 23, 1921. This year he also became the first African American to win the pentathlon in the National Amateur Athletic Union championships. In …